FANDOM


The 2016 Lake Superior hurricane season was a past event in tropical cyclone formation, which began on May 1, 2016 and ended on December 15, 2016. The season featured near-normal activity with 16 named storms. The season was also very destructive with Claus and Kenneth both devastating Ontario and Michigan respectively.

Storms

Storms
C2 Alfonso
TS Barbara
C3 Claus
C1 Dawn
TS Eric
C4 Fiona
TS Gilbert
C3 Helen
C1 Ike
C2 Joanna
C5 Kenneth
C4 Lorraine
TS Marco
TS Nancy
C2 Oscar
TS Pamela

Hurricane Alfonso

Main article: Hurricane Alfonso (2016)
Category 2 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Alfonsopeakmay72016.jpg Alfonso-0.jpg
Duration May 5 – May 8
Peak intensity 155 km/h (100 mph) (1-min)  972 hPa (mbar)

On May 5, an invest formed 40 miles north of Marquette, Michigan. The invest was upgraded to a tropical depression later and was designated as Tropical Depression 01. The depression strengthened into a tropical storm and was given the name Alfonso. Alfonso rapidly increased in wind speed and pressure, becoming a 70 mph tropical storm with a barometric pressure of 995 millibars. Alfonso became a hurricane on May 6, attaining a peak intensity of 75 mph and 988 millibars. Alfonso weakened into a 65 mph tropical storm with winds of 65 mph and a pressure of 992 millibars after brushing Caribou and Michipicoten Islands, causing slight damage. Alfonso restrengthened into a hurricane again on May 7, attaining wind speeds of 100 mph and a pressure of 971 millibars. Alfonso made landfall in Ontario on May 8, rapidly weakening into a high-end tropical storm, causing at least 14 fatalities. At least 10" of rain was dumped in some areas. Alfonso dissipated on May 8. Alfonso's remnants caused slight tree damage in a forest on May 10 before fully dissipating.


Tropical Storm Barbara

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Barbara.png Barbara.jpg
Duration May 7 – May 9
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  998 hPa (mbar)

On May 7, yet another storm formed and was given the name Barbara. Barbara strengthened into a 60 mph tropical storm after struggling to gain strength. Barbara entered a patch of cool water and rapidly dissipated on May 9.


Hurricane Claus

Main article: Hurricane Claus
Category 3 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Claus2016.jpg Claus2016track.jpg
Duration May 24 – May 29
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  952 hPa (mbar)

On May 23, the Great Lakes Hurricane Center and the National Hurricane Center both noted an invest that was likely to strengthen in the next few days. On May 24, the invest was upgraded to a tropical depression and was designated as 03. The depression strengthened into a tropical storm and was designated the name Claus on May 25. Claus became a high-end tropical storm the following day. Claus became a hurricane on May 27, with winds of 90 mph. Claus rapidly intensified into a major hurricane later that day. Claus neared the Ontarian coast, causing high rip currents, of which killed two people. The outer band of the hurricane brushed the Thunder Bay, Ontario area, dumping at least 24" of rain in three hours. Damages totaled up to $4.6 million. Claus surpassed Alfonso as being the longest lasting storm yet in the hurricane season. Claus made a direct, devastating landfall on Thunder Bay, killing more than 131 people. An analysis on Claus made a comment that it had made landfall at high-end Category 2 strength. Claus dissipated on May 29.


Hurricane Dawn

Category 1 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration June 1 – June 6
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  971 hPa (mbar)

On June 1, a tropical storm formed from a strong, well-defined invest and was designated the name Dawn. Dawn strengthened over the next 18 hours and became a hurricane on June 2. Dawn slightly affected the Apostle Island that day and killed one person indirectly by strong rip currents. Dawn continued to strengthen after making landfall on Keweenaw County, Michigan, killing two people. Dawn passed by Caribou Island, causing minimal flooding. Dawn prompted Hurricane Warnings for Ontario on June 5. Dawn made landfall on June 6 and dissipated soon after. During the passage of hurricane dawn, the satellite aircraft was destroyed in an airplane accident. No image of Hurricane Dawn was available, unlike the three previous storms. This caused all storms from Dawn to Pamela to have no satellite image.


Tropical Storm Eric

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration June 3 – June 14
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  1003 hPa (mbar)

On June 1, a tropical disturbance formed near Marquette, Michigan. The disturbance was upgraded to an invest later that day. Soon, the storm became a tropical depression and was designated as Tropical Depression 05. The next day, 05 became Tropical Storm Eric. Eric became the earliest fifth named storm in the basin. Eric began to fluctuate in strength before intensifying again on June 6. Thus, Eric became a tropical storm for a third time. Eric weakened into a tropical depression again on June 12 and made landfall on June 14. Eric dissipated that day. Eric was one of the longest lasting storms on record in the basin.


Hurricane Fiona

Category 4 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration July 4 – July 15
Peak intensity 220 km/h (140 mph) (1-min)  934 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Fiona formed from a struggling wave that formed over Lake Michigan. Fiona began to strengthen and soon became a Category 1 hurricane on July 6. Fiona began to rapidly strengthen and became a Category 3 hurricane on July 7. Fiona became the season first hurricane to surpass Category 3 hurricane strength on July 8. Hurricane Fiona made landfall near Grand Portage, Minnesota. Only minimal damage occurred. Fiona began to weaken, and on July 15, Fiona made landfall near Sault Ste. Marie, causing only $100 million (2016 USD) in damages. Fiona weakened into a tropical depression later and dissipated. Miraculously, no fatalities occurred.


Tropical Storm Gilbert

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration July 6 – July 8
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  1004 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Gilbert formed on July 6, 26 miles north of Grand Marais, Michigan. Gilbert gained winds of 45 mph the next day on July 7. Gilbert made landfall in Ontario on July 8. Gilbert dissipated the same day, but its remnants still brought rain.


Hurricane Helen

Category 3 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration July 6 – July 12
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  956 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Helen formed from a very well-defined tropical wave that originated from the Wisconsin coast. Helen seemed to rapidly intensify into a 60 mph tropical storm on July 7. Tropical Storm Helen became a hurricane on July 8 and continued to intensify. Helen became a major hurricane on July 11. Helen dissipated on July 12 after rapidly weakening.


Hurricane Ike

Category 1 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration July 19 – July 26
Peak intensity 120 km/h (75 mph) (1-min)  985 hPa (mbar)

On July 17, the Great Lakes Hurricane Center began monitoring a tropical wave near Marquette, Michigan. The storm became a depression on July 19 and later strengthened into a tropical storm, earning the name Ike. Ike began to slowly strengthen as it remained stationary near Marquette. Ike weakened as it turned north and dissipated on July 26.


Hurricane Joanna

Category 2 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration August 2 – August 8
Peak intensity 175 km/h (110 mph) (1-min)  961 hPa (mbar)

On August 2, a depression formed near the Apostle Islands. Overnight, the depression entered warm, open waters and became a tropical storm. The Great Lakes hurricane center (GLHC), designated the name Joanna to the system. The storm continued to stay away from high shear, but Joanna stayed in warm, open waters. Joanna continued to intensify on August 3. Joanna became a minimal hurricane on August 4 after causing $100,000 in damages. Joanna became a high-end Category 2 hurricane on August 4. Joanna began to slowly weaken after attaining its peak strength on August 5. Joanna began to weaken and dissipated on August 8.


Hurricane Kenneth

Category 5 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration August 2 – August 18
Peak intensity 305 km/h (190 mph) (1-min)  898 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Depression 11 formed on August 3 near the Apostle Islands. The storm, overnight, became a tropical storm and was designated the name Kenneth. Kenneth entered extremely warm waters, which caused Kenneth to rapidly intensify into a hurricane on August 4. Kenneth underwent rapid intensification the same day, which led to Kenneth becoming the strongest storm of the season. Kenneth later became the strongest system ever recorded in the basin on August 5. As the storm attained Category 5 intensity, the storm began to affect Michigan. As it affected Michigan, waves washed away roads, buildings, and trees. Kenneth began to move slowly and rapidly weaken as it moved off of the coast. Kenneth dissipated on August 18.


Hurricane Lorraine

Category 4 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration August 2 – August 24
Peak intensity 250 km/h (155 mph) (1-min)  920 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Depression 12 formed on August 2. The storm slowly intensified and became a tropical storm on August 4. The Great Lakes hurricane center assigned the name Lorraine. Lorraine continued to slowly strengthen. Lorraine attained peak intensity on August 15 before making landfall in Ontario. Lorraine dissipated on August 24.


Tropical Storm Marco

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration September 11 – September 13
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  1006 hPa (mbar)

On September 9, the Great Lakes Hurricane Center began monitoring a tropical wave in the vicinity of the Apostle Islands. The system was soon invested and became a tropical depression on September 11. Six hours later, the tropical depression was upgraded to a tropical storm and was named Marco. Marco began to curve north-northwestward towards coastal Minnesota. On September 12, Marco weakened into a tropical depression as it neared the Minnesota coast. Marco made landfall later that day, resulting in one indirect fatality and an unknown amount of damage. Marco maintained to hold onto its strength while over land, which happened for the very first time in the Lake Superior basin. This did not last long however, and Marco dissipated on September 13.


Tropical Storm Nancy

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration October 10 – October 11
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  1008 hPa (mbar)

On October 10, a tropical storm formed near L'Anse, Michigan. The storm was designated the name Nancy. Nancy entered unfavorable conditions soon after and dissipated.


Hurricane Oscar

Category 2 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration November 15 – November 21
Peak intensity 175 km/h (110 mph) (1-min)  958 hPa (mbar)

On November 14, a tropical disturbance formed off the coast of Marquette, Michigan. The following day, the disturbance became Tropical Depression 15. The depression rapidly intensified into a 50-mph tropical storm and was designated as Tropical Storm Oscar. Oscar gradually began to strengthen and became a hurricane on November 17. Oscar further intensified into a Category 2 hurricane on November 18, before hitting a peak of 110 mph. On November 19, Oscar weakened slowly back into a Category 1 hurricane before making landfall in Ontario with 75 mph winds on November 20. Oscar stalled over Ontario bringing excessive rain amounts and high wind gusts up to 60 mph. Oscar dissipated on November 21.


Tropical Storm Pamela

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration December 1 – December 3
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  1002 hPa (mbar)

On December 1, Tropical Depression 16 formed off of the coast of Houghton County, Michigan. The depression became Tropical Storm Pamela later that day. On December 2, Pamela made landfall in Keweenaw County at peak intensity. The next day, Pamela dissipated, marking the end to the 2016 season.


Timeline

Hurricane ClausHurricane Alfonso (2016)

Storm names

The Great Lakes Hurricane Center assigns names to storms in each basin of the Great Lakes. A storm that exits a basin keeps its name. Names in bold are active and names that are normal have been used. Names not retired in this list will be used again in 2022. Below are the 21 names for 2016:

  • Alfonso
  • Barbara
  • Claus
  • Dawn
  • Eric
  • Fiona
  • Gilbert
  • Helen
  • Ike
  • Joanna
  • Kenneth
  • Lorraine
  • Marco
  • Nancy
  • Oscar
  • Pamela
  • Raymond (unused)
  • Sofia (unused)
  • Thomas (unused)
  • Velma (unused)
  • Wilfred (unused)

Retirement

The names Claus and Kenneth have been requested for retirement, and the names Christian and Kirk replaced them for 2022.

Season effects

This section lists the season storms and their characteristics.

Storm Name Duration Intensity (SSHS) Wind Speed Pressure Damage Deaths Areas

Affected

Alfonso May 5-8, 2016 Category 2 hurricane 100 mph 972 $3 million 14 Michigan, Ontario
Barbara May 7-9, 2016 Tropical storm 60 mph 998 None 0 None
Claus May 24-29, 2016 Category 3 hurricane 115 mph 952 $525.6 million 131 (46) Ontario
Dawn June 1-6, 2016 Category 1 hurricane 90 mph 971 $2 million 2 (1) Minnesota, Apostle Islands, Wisconsin, Michigan, Caribou Island, Ontario
Eric June 3-14, 2016 Tropical storm 40 mph 1003 Minimal 2 Michigan, Michipicoten Island, Ontario
Fiona July 4-15, 2016 Category 4 hurricane 150 mph 934 $100 million 0 Wisconsin, Minnesota, Ontario, Michigan
Gilbert July 6-8, 2016 Tropical storm 45 mph 1004 Minimal 0 Michigan, Ontario
Helen July 6-12, 2016 Category 3 hurricane 115 mph 956 None 0 Michigan
Ike July 19-26, 2016 Category 1 hurricane 75 mph 985 None 0 None
Joanna August 2-8, 2016 Category 2 hurricane 110 mph 961 $100,000 0 Wisconsin, Michigan
Kenneth August 2-18, 2016 Category 5 hurricane 215 mph 872 $4 billion 440 Wisconsin, Michigan, Ontario
Lorraine August 2-24, 2016 Category 4 hurricane 155 mph 920 $200 million 8 Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan
Marco September 11-13, 2016 Tropical storm 40 mph 1006 Unknown 0 (1) Minnesota, Wisconsin
Nancy October 10-11, 2016 Tropical storm 40 mph 1008 Minimal 0 Michigan
Oscar November 15-21, 2016 Category 2 hurricane 110 mph 958 $200 million 19 Michigan, Ontario
Pamela December 1-3, 2016 Tropical storm 50 mph 1002 Minimal 0 Michigan, Minnesota, Ontario


See also

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.