1955 Atlantic hurricane season
Ernesto 2012.jpg
First storm formed June 8
Last storm dissipated October 25
Strongest storm Fredric - 185 mph, 890 millibars
Total depressions 8
Total storms 6
Hurricanes 3
Major hurricanes 3
Total damages $1.8 billion(1955 USD)
Total fatalities 1181

The 1955 Atlantic hurricane season an inactive season in the number of storms, but was extremely deadly and costly. The season totaled with 1181 deaths and 1.8$ billion in damages, most of it from the two Category 5s of the season, Elena and Frederic. The season was especially deadly in Mexico. Elena caused 59 deaths as a tropical storm and Frederick caused a catostrophic 1000 deaths in the same area. Combined, the two storms caused 1.7$ billion in damages. Elena also affected the US, killing 76 over there and causing 800$ million in damages in the Gulf Coast. The eastern Seaboard also had its faitr share of storms. Bob killed 9 in North Carolina and Claudette caused severe beach erosion in the New England coast. The Caribbean too, was affected by the hurricanes of the season. Hurricane Bob caused 13 deaths in Haiti and 10$ million in damages. Before its Mexican landfall, Frederic killed 24 people in the southern Caribbean. Only Tropical Storm David didnt affect land.

Season summary

Timeline of tropical activity in the 1955 Atlantic hurricane season

Wikipedia:Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale


Tropical Storm Anna

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Alberto 07 aug 1988 1242Z.jpg
Duration June 8 – June 13
Intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min),  1000 mbar (hPa)
Anna started out as a tropical depression on June 8. Anna moved northeast. Anna peaked as a 45 mph tropical storm on the 10, but weakened due to strong wind shear. Anna became extratropical on the 13. It later affected Iceland as an extratropical storm.

Hurricane Bob

Category 3 hurricane (SSHS)
Andrew 23 aug 1992 1231Z.jpg
Duration July 10 – July 19
Intensity 125 mph (205 km/h) (1-min),  950 mbar (hPa)
A tropical wave became a tropical depression just south of Haiti on July 10. The depression made landfall in Haiti later that day. Bob reemerged to the Caribbean on the 11. After affecting the Bahamas, Bob moved northwest and peaked as a 125 mph Category 3 hurricane on the 13. Bob made landfall in Cape Lookout at that intensity. Bob reemrged to the Atlantic from Virginia the next day. Bob strengthened into a weak Category 3 hurricane before turning northwest once again and weakening into a tropical depression. Bob dissipated on the 19 in Canada. Bob killed 22 in Haiti and North Carolina and caused 10$ million in damages.

Subtropical Storm Claudette

Subtropical storm (SSHS)

Subtropical One 24 oct 1979 1927Z TN.jpg
Duration July 12 – July 14
Intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min),  1000 mbar (hPa)
In early July, a low formed near the New York coast. The became a depression on July 12 and Subtropical Storm Claudette later that day. Claudette moved northeastward, briefly peaking as a 45 mph subtropical storm before weakening due to cooler waters on the 13. Claudette dissipated near Canada on the 14. Claudette caused beach erosion in the New England coast.

Tropical Storm David

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Florence 2012.jpg
Duration August 24 – August 28
Intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min),  1002 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm David formed off of Africa as a depression. It didn't become a storm till June 27, as shear was impacting it. David peaked as a weak tropical storm before dissipating on the 28 without affecting land.

Hurricane Elena

Category 5 hurricane (SSHS)
Hurricane Camille (1969).jpg
Duration September 5 – September 19
Intensity 180 mph (285 km/h) (1-min),  900 mbar (hPa)
An area of low pressure became organized in early September. The low became a depression on September 5 and Tropical Storm Elena later that day. Elena moved towards the Yucatan peninsula. However, a system north of Elena caused Elena to stall of the Yucatan, where the tropical storm caused catastrophic damage. On the 10, Elena started to move north and began to strengthen. Elena exploded in intensity becoming a strong Category 4 on the 12. It made landfall in the western tip of Cuba at that intensity. Elena slightly weakened over land, but restrengthened again into a monster Category 5 with 180 mph winds on the 13. Elena briefly maintained that intensity, and was a weak Category 3 at the time it made landfall in New Orleans, Louisiana. Elena moved inland, further weakening into a tropical storm. Elena moved to the northeast and reemerged into the Atlantic on the 16 near the North Carolina/Virginia border. Elena moved parralel to the Eastern Seaboard briefly strengthening into a weak Category 3 once again before becoming extratropical on the 19 over Canada. Elena killed 59 in Mexico and 76 in the US. It also caused 800$ million in damage.

Tropical Depression Six

Tropical depression (SSHS)
Joyce 2012.jpg
Duration October 5 – October 7
Intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min),  1001 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Frederic

Category 5 hurricane (SSHS)
Ernesto 2012.jpg
Duration October 10 – October 25
Intensity 185 mph (295 km/h) (1-min),  890 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Frederic was a powerful Cape Verde hurricane in October. After exiting from Africa, the wave that became Frederic became a depression on October 10. The depression became a tropical storm later that day. Frederic moved towards the Leeward Islands and along the way became a hurricane on the 13. Frederic crossed the Leeward Islands as a strong Category 1 hurricane. After crossing them, Frederic further strengthened and became a Category 4 on the 16. It moved over the ABC Islands as a 140 mph Category 4 hurricane. On the 18, Frederic became the second Category 5 of the season. Frederic made landfall near the Mexican/Belizian border as a 180 mph Category 5 hurricane on the 19. Frederic slowly weakened, bringing deadly rainfall in southern Mexico. It dissipated on the 25. Frederic caused 14 deaths in the Leeward Islands and 10 in the ABC Islands. Frederick caused 1000 deaths in Mexico, bringinfg the total to 1024 deaths. Frederic also caused a massive 950$ million in damages, most of it in Mexico and Belize.

Subtropical Depression Eight

Subtropical depression (SSHS)

Subtropical Depression 22 2005.jpg
Duration October 13 – October 14
Intensity 30 mph (45 km/h) (1-min),  1003 mbar (hPa)

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